Historical Sites and Scenic Sports

Hengshan, North Holy Mountain

Release Time: 2017-01-09
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Hengshan, North Holy Mountain

 

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                                    Photographed by Liu Yujun

Mt. Hengshan is famous holy place for Taoism since ancient times and known as ‘Towering Mountain Supporting the Heaven’ and ‘Most Famous Mountain in North China’. It is one of the five holy mountains of China. The other four are Mt. Taishan in Shandong Province (East Holy Mountain), Mt. Huashan in Shannxi Province (West Holy Mountain), Mt. Hengshan in Hunan Province (South Holy Mountain) and Mt. Songshan in Henan Province (Central Holy Mountain). Tianfengling Peak, the summit of Mt. Hengshan at 2,017 meters above sea level, is located 3 kilometers to the south of Hunyuan County. The complex of ancient architecture in Mt. Hengshan was first constructed during the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534). Major restoration was undertaken in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and a further restoration project was done in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The main ancient buildings preserved surround the summit of Mt. Hengshan are Hall of the King of North Holly Mountain, Chamber of the King of North Holy Mountain, Pavilion of Dressing, Temple of Immortals’ settlement, Temple of Ten Heavenly Kings, Temple of Pure Trinity, Temple of Jiutian Goddess, Temple of God of Military, Hall of Ascending to Heaven, Temple of Emperor Zhenwu, Temple of White Dragon King, Bitter and Sweet Well, Tower Forest, Pavilion of the God of Literature, Hall of Receiving Honorable Guest etc. Mt. Hengshan features peaks soaring to the sky with steep and precipitous cliffs, therefore most of the buildings are on the precipitous cliff designed skillfully and constructed boldly, namely Hall of God of North Holly Mountain, Chamber of the God of North Holy Mountain, Pavilion of the God of Literature, Hall of Pure Trinity and Hanging Temple. As the most famous scenic sport and historical sites of Mt. Hengshan, the Hanging Temple has established its unique position as one of China's unique and remarkable feats of architectural engineering with its characteristics of long history, gravity-defying location, unique construction, evenly distributed and well-balanced structure. Historical records trace the construction of the origin of the Hanging Temple back 1,400 years to the later period of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), although much was reconstructed in the later Dynasties.Facing to Tianfeng Peak, Hanging Temple is build halfway up the side of a precipitous cliff of Cuiping Peak of Hengshan Mountain. Hanging Temple is constructed almost entirely of wood. There are more than 40 halls from big to small housing more than 80 sculptures. Hengshan Mt. was put in the name list of first batch of National Park of China by the State Council due to its beautiful landscape and rich cultural and history. It was inscribed into National Natural and Cultural Heritage List in 2009.

 

 

Hanging Temple

 

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                                Photographed by Liu Yujun

Facing to Tianfeng Peak, Hanging Temple is build halfway up the side of a precipitous cliff of Cuiping Peak of Hengshan Mountain. Historical records trace the construction of the origin of the Hanging Temple back 1,400 years to the later period of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), although much was reconstructed in the later Dynasties. Hanging Temple is constructed almost entirely of wood. There are more than 40 halls from big to small housing more than 80 sculptures. Hanging Temple has established its unique position as China’s unique and remarkable feats of architectural engineering with its characteristics of gravity-defying location, unique construction, evenly distributed and well-balanced structure.

           Chinese Edited and English Translated by Datong Foreign and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office

                                                            English Revised By Adrian Frost (UK)

 

北岳恒山

北岳恒山是我国著名的道教圣地,号称人天北柱绝塞名山,与东岳泰山、西岳华山、南岳衡山、中岳嵩山并称中华五岳。北岳恒山主峰天峰岭位于浑源县城南三千米,海拔2017米。恒山建筑群始建于北魏,明代大规模修葺,清代屡有修葺。现存主要建筑有恒宗殿、北岳寝宫、梳妆楼、会仙府、十王殿、纯阳宫、九天宫、关帝庙、羽化堂、真武庙、白龙王堂、苦甜井、塔林、魁星楼、接官亭等。由于恒山山耸风大,故建筑多依悬崖峭壁或开凿石窟而建,形成了独特的悬、奇、险、隐的建筑风格。雄视南天的恒宗殿,负崖高耸;隐入幽处的北岳寝宫,嵌入石窟;上应北斗的魁星楼,独立险峰;下临深渊的三清殿,巧建绝壁。尤其是建在金龙峡峭壁上的悬空寺,融美学、力学和建筑学于一体,在中国古代建筑史上占有重要地位。悬空寺始建于北魏后期,距今已有1400多年的历史。它背靠翠屏峰,面对天峰岭。全寺以木质结构为主,寺内共有大小殿阁四十余间,供奉佛像、神像八十余尊。北岳恒山以人文景观与自然景观的完美结合而被国务院批准列入第一批国家风景名胜区。2009年,北岳恒山被列入国家自然和文化双遗产预备名录。

悬空寺

悬空寺位于恒山金龙峡的悬崖峭壁上,背靠翠屏峰,面对天峰岭。悬空寺始建于北魏后期,距今已有1400多年的历史,以后历代均有修缮。全寺木质结构为主,寺内共有大小殿阁四十余间,供奉佛像、神像八十余尊。悬空寺融美学、力学和建筑学于一体,在中国建筑史上占有重要地位。

                                                       大同市政府外事侨务办公室编译

                                                                     Adrian Frost()英语审校

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