Historical Sites and Scenic Sports

Datong Great Wall

Release Time: 2017-01-10
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Datong Great Wall

The Great Wall in Datong can be dated back to the Warring Sates Period (475BC-221BC)and was built between the 4th Century and the 18th Century under nine successive Chinese dynasties. The first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty divided the northern frontline with Mongolia into nine important defense areas of strategic importance along the Great Wall among which Datong is one of the biggest. The remains of the Great Wall in Datong were mostly constructed in the Ming Dynasty. The Great Wall in Datong comprises outer and inner walls with hundreds of ancient fortresses and thousands of beacon towers distributed across seven counties and districts of the city, namely Xinrong District and Hunyuan, Lingqiu, Guangling, Yanggao, Tianzhen and Zuoyun Counties.

Shoukou Fortress, Yanggao County

 

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                     Photographed by Liu Yujun

Shoukou Fortress is located in the north of Yanggao County, It was restored in the period of Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty (1522-1566). The Great Wall of this section extends for around 46 kilometers with four passes and 138 beacon towers which are preserved in good condition. The beacon towers are rectangular in shape, 15 meters wide at the bottom, 7 meters wide at the top and 15 meters high. The Great Wall at Shoukou Fortress is built in a mountainous area and follows the slopes of the mountain. Most beacon towers are built at the peaks of the mountain.

 

 

 

 

 

Zhenbian Fortress, Yanggao County

 

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                             Photographed by Liu Yujun

Zhenbian Fortress is one of the five fortresses on the inner Great Wall. The Great Wall in the vicinity of Zhenbian Fortress is unique with many beacon towers built very close to each other because the ground in this area is very flat which makes defense more difficult. Furthermore, there are beacon towers built on both sides of the wall, hidden tunnels connect these beacon towers and the Great Wall. The surrounding environment of Zhenbian Fortress is a vast expanse of open country and the Great Wall in this section is the best preserved part in the Datong area.

 

 

 

Desheng Fortress, Xinrong District

 

 

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                                                          Photographed by Liu Yujun

First built in the 27th Year of Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty (1584), Desheng Fortress was an important military fortress for the Ming Dynasty to safeguard the Great Wall defense lines in northern Datong. Desheng Fortress forms a rare domestic fortress group together with Shichang, Deshengkou and Zhengqiang Fortress within two kilometers. During the period of Longqing (1567-1572) of the Ming Dynasty the emperor or the Ming Dynasty and the Tartar ethnic group of Mongolian signed a truce agreement and built a horse market in Desheng Fortress. It was not only an important boarder trade site for Mongolia and Han Chinese in the Ming Dynasty but also a major mountain pass beyond the Great Wall.

 

 

 

 

 

Xinping Fortress, Tianzhen County

 

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                            Photographed by Liu Yujun

Located in the northeast of Tianzhen County, Xinping Fortress is at the junction of Shanxi and Hebei Provinces and the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region. The most highly recommended part of Xinping Fortress is the ancient houses built in the Ming and Qing Dynasties in great numbers. Located in the heart of Xinping Fortress and as the highest building within Xinping Fortress, Yuhuang Pavilion (Pavilion of Jade Emperor) is the best preserved pavilion along the Ming Dynasty Great Wall in Datong, with three storeys and two gable and hip roofs and vivid and smooth Taoist mural paintings. Yuhang Pavilion sits at a crossroads and the two roads are still the hub of communication of the fortress.

           Chinese Edited and English Translated by Datong Foreign and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office

                                                            English Revised By Adrian Frost (UK)

大同长城

大同长城的修建可以追溯到战国时期,从公元前四世纪到公元十八世纪,经历九个朝代。明朝时期,朝廷将整个国家的北部边防按照区域划分为九镇,大同是其中之一。大同境内现存长城大都修建于明朝。明长城在大同地区分成内长城和外长城两个部分,沿线连绵分布着近百座城堡和近千处烽火台,分布于新荣区、浑源县、灵丘县、广灵县、阳高县、天镇县、左云县等七个县(区)。

阳高守口堡

     守口堡位于阳高县北部。守口堡长城重修于明嘉靖年间(公元1522-1566年),全长46千米,有关隘四处,各堡间共有墩台138座,外形为正方形,保存较完整的墩台底宽15米,顶宽7米,高15米。守口堡一带的长城修筑在山地上,沿山脊蜿蜒起伏,山顶上有巨大的墩台。

阳高镇边堡

镇边堡是内五堡之一。这段长城在整个大同长城中最具特色,因地势平缓,不易防守,所以墩台较为密集。而且城墙两侧都有独立的墩台。出于防守的需要,在墩台和墙体之间修有暗道。大同长城大多修筑在平川地区、迄今保存相对完好的,只有镇边堡所在的长城乡这一段。

新荣得胜堡

得胜堡是著名的长城内外贸易关口,始建于明嘉靖二十七年(公元1548年),是明代大同以北的边关重镇。在方圆不到两千米的范围内,有得胜堡、市场堡、得胜堡口、镇羌堡四个建筑独立而功能关联的堡垒。明隆庆年间(公元1576-1572年), 明王朝与蒙古鞑靼部落化敌为友,在得胜口设马市。这里不仅成为边关人员往来的交通要道,而且成为蒙、汉进行物资交流和买卖交易的主要场所。

天镇新平堡

新平堡位于天镇县东北端,地处晋、冀、蒙交界处,素有鸡鸣闻三省之称。新平堡里最具特色的是大量保存完好的明清古民居。新平堡玉皇阁是明大同镇唯一遗存至今的镇边楼,位于堡中心,是全堡的制高点。玉皇阁三层两檐,为歇山顶式楼阁。阁内道教内容的彩绘流畅而逼真。玉皇阁下为十字相交的道路,至今仍是交通要道。

                                                       大同市政府外事侨务办公室编译

                                                                     Adrian Frost()英语审校

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