A Brief Introduction to Datong

A Brief Introduction to Datong

Release Time: 2017-01-09
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Datong is located in the very north of Shanxi Province at the junction of Shanxi Province, Hebei Province and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Regionbetween the inner and outer Great Wall. Datong is the second largest city in Shanxi Province and one of the first group of twenty four historic and ancient cities of China proclaimed by the State Council. The city is rated as ‘Top Tourist City of China’ and ‘the 9th ancient capital of China’. Covering an area of 14,100 square kilometers, it has a population of 3.4 million. Datong city has jurisdiction over four districts and seven counties, these are the urban, southern suburb, Xinrong and coal mine districts and Zuoyun, Datong, Yanggao, Tianzhen, Hunyuan, Guangling and Lingqiu counties. Datong is located at latitude 40° north at an average height above sea level of 1,000 meters. It experiences a continental monsoon climate with four distinct seasons, cold and dry in winter, cool in spring and autumn, moderate in summer with an average temperature of 20, thus it enjoys a reputation of summer resort. Datong has a history spanning over 2,300 years. During the Warring States Period (475BC-221BC), the region which forms present day Datong was under the rule of King Zhao Wuling who was famous for one important political event-reforms consisting of ‘wearing barbarian uniform and the use of cavalry in battle’. King Zhao Wuling set up three prefectures in present day Datong, namely Yunzhong, Yanmen and Dai Prefectures. After the Qin, Han and West Jin Dynasty, Datong experienced its golden age in the ancient period as the capital city of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), as the western Capital of a further two dynasties which were the Liao (907-1125) and Jin (1115-1234) Dynasties, and as a city of strategic importance in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). The most glamorous time of the city in ancient times was during the period when Datong became the capital city of northern China for nearly one hundred years in the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534) with six emperors and one king in power successively. During this period Datong was the political, economic and cultural center of northern China. From time immemorial, the forefathers of different nationalities have lived on this land creating a profound ancient culture and magnificent cultural relics. In recent years, the Datong Communist Party Committee and the Datong Municipal Government have set out to place Datong as the regional hub linking the capital, Beijing, to its east, Shanxi Province to the south and Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region and Russian to the north by adopting a principle of building beautiful, rich and happy city. Datong, an ancient capital city with unique charm and a famous cultural city full of energy now presents with a new face to the world.

  Chinese Edited and English Translated by Datong Foreign and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office

                                               English Revised By Adrian Frost (UK)

大同概览

大同位于山西省北部,晋、冀、蒙交界处,介于内外长城之间,是山西省第二大城市,国务院首批公布的24个历史文化名城之一,获得中国优秀旅游城市中国第九大古都称号。大同国土总面积1.41万平方公里,总人口340万。下辖城区、南郊区、新荣区、矿区四个区,左云、大同、阳高、天镇、浑源、广灵、灵丘七个县。大同地处北纬40度,平均海拔一千米以上,从而形成了明显的温带大陆性季风气候,四季分明,冬季寒冷干燥,春秋凉爽,夏季气候温和,平均气温为20,素有避暑胜地的美称。大同已有2300多年的建城史,自战国时期赵武灵王胡服骑射,置云中、雁门、代郡以来,大同历经秦汉西晋,曾以北魏京师,辽金陪都,明清重镇而闻名华夏。特别是北魏建都平城(大同)近百年,历经六帝一王,魏都平城成为中国北方政治、经济、文化中心,盛极一时。辽金时大同为陪都,元设大同路,明为九边重镇。几千年来,各族人民在大同这片沃土生息,繁衍和交融,共同创造了灿烂的古代文明,留下了极为丰富的历史人文景观。近年来,大同市委市政府以打造东承首都、西接丝路、南贯三晋、北通蒙俄的区域性中心城市为基本定位,同心同力建设美丽大同、富裕大同、幸福大同。大同,这座特具魅力的历史古都和充满活力的文化名城,正以崭新的容颜展现在世人面前。

                                                       大同市政府外事侨务办公室编译

                                                                     Adrian Frost()英语审校

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